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Industrial Harnesses

Equipment systems for working with high risk of falling (Part I)

Training and instruction on the correct use of Personal Protective Equipment.

NuLU Roofers work safety harnessesEvery worker before using any type of system or personal protective equipment against the high risk of falling should receive adequate and complete training and training by a specially appointed person to give such instructions. (The consultant / expert in risk prevention or supervisor). The worker must provide all necessary and specific information on the risks to which they are exposed, associated with operations or work to be done at different levels.
We caught up with Brendan Foster, from NuLu Roofing Contractors in the Lexington and Louisville area, to talk about the safety procedures his company use when working at height on commercial roofing projects.  He provided up with this checklist saying that Inspection Training should contemplate the following:
a) risks of working at height.
b) Proper use of the system (s) or / PPE (instructions).
c) components of the system (s) / equipment and instructions on proper use.
d) Limitations on use of equipment.
e) required facilities.
f) Systems correct anchors.
g) Techniques correct connection of the various components of the system / equipment.
h) uses methods of systems / equipment.
i) Periodic inspection of the system / equipment that the user must perform.
j) maintenance and storage of equipment / system.

Systems and Personal Protective Equipment against risk of falls from height

– All systems or equipment protection against the risk of falls from height and its components shall be subjected to visual inspection before each use for signs of deterioration or damage defects.

– They must also undergo a complete review every three months and / or according to the manufacturer

– If the equipment or personal protection system against fall hazards, are subject to strict and rigorous continuous or exposed to environments adverse atmospheres use, frequency of inspections and equipment checks must be carried out monthly, or weekly, or when required, as well as recommendations regarding the inspection prescribed by the manufacturer.

– A complete inspection must be performed by competent and responsible persons with knowledge and experience necessary to properly check the equipment / system.

– The date of the inspection shall be indicated by a sticker on the belt or harness.

Registration Inspection (Checklist)

– The result of the inspection and / or any deficiency that does not meet the specifications and requirements defined and established, should be duly noted leaving written the date of each inspection of the equipment record and the comments that are made, signed and name of the person who performed the inspection at the record of the inspection of equipment and systems for personal protection against the risk of falls from height.

– Systems or equipment present any alteration, anomaly or substandard condition, must be removed and disposed of service immediately.

– All those systems or personal protective equipment against fall hazards in working at heights which have been subjected to accidental impacts due to a free fall or a test run should be removed (belts, harnesses, subject lines, etc.) and removed from service as accessories may have been affected by excessive stress and weakened.

Report substandard conditions

If evidence of any damage, defect or substandard condition, shall be reported and properly informed by the user to direct leadership. Particular attention should be placed to detect the presence of the following signs of damage or deterioration: a) Cuts or breaks the fabric or belt as cuts or worn outer fibers.

b) Cracks.
c) Burns.
d) wear and tear.
e) stretch or excessive elongation. General deterioration.
f) malfunctions.
g) exposure to corrosion by acids or chemicals.
h) hooks or carabiners defective or deformed, or springs flawed, inadequate or improper adjustment of the snaps.
i) metal accessories such as buckles, rings in “D ”, rivets, etc., with cracks.
j) Trizaduras, deformation or excessive wear pieces.

Systems or equipment (PPE) should be stored in a cool dry place where not receive direct sunlight.
E.P.P = PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

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Safety Standards For Horizontal Lifelines

standards in life lines at work

• All work is done in height, is structural, on ceiling, civil works and other tasks, you must install lifelines or horizontal steel cables 1/2 ” in diameter (13 mm.) With fixed ends the existing system, in order to allow staff to engage or set in the lifelines, the subject line or strap of his harness and facilitate travel and mobility under conditions that ensure high safety levels.

• The lifeline is subject of its ends to the system, you must connect between two anchor points by type Crosby (three on each end) clip with enough tension so that in case of a fall occur the vertical displacement is minimal.

• The lifeline must be tensioned with a tensioner line element least
200 Kg. Of torque.

• the use of fiber cords or other fasteners at height to replace steel cables is prohibited.

• Lifelines shall not be used for any other purpose but to provide a security system fall, allowing the movement of workers.

• The maximum length of a lifeline is 15 meters between extremes.

• Lifelines must be only steel wire.

• The free end of the lifelines should undergo a termination to prevent fraying, these should not be in contact with sharp edges.

• Lifelines must have a prior inspection every time it is used by competent and responsible. The inspections must be recorded in log sheets or checklists.

• Any system of lifeline and / or protective devices that are damaged or signs of deterioration, shall be removed from service and returned immediately.

• Lifelines must be fixed to anchorages must withstand a minimum of 2,268 kg. per insured person or system coupled.

• The horizontal lifeline must be used a maximum of four persons between supports, at a time.

Installation

• All horizontal lifeline anchors installed on steel structures such as skeleton (eg pipe rack) must be steel cable 1/2 ” minimum diameter and must be secured at each end by three presses type Crosby .

• When the cable or lifeline is in direct contact with the axes of the beams shall be installed elements that prevent damage or deterioration of the cable with angled or sharp parts of the beams.

• The horizontal lifeline should be installed and maintained only by qualified personnel, who have the necessary knowledge of practices in cargo movement to install and maintain system security.

• Lifelines must be installed so as to facilitate their movement in all areas of structures while a system of fall protection for people is maintained.

• Staff need to install lifelines should be protected from falls at all times using subject lines shrink.

Vertical Lifelines

• The vertical lifelines, as part of a complete system or fall arrest equipment will be used as a system / equipment during the fall protection

vertical movement of personnel to ascend or descend by vertical fixed ladders, poles, steel towers for transmission lines, transmitting antennas, mining, civil engineering works and other structures in height.

• The vertical lifelines are built with perlon string 5/8 “in diameter.

• The vertical lifelines must be used by one person at a time.

• This type of fall protection can also be used against the risk of falls in operations such as scaffolding and assembly of steel structures where mooring or fixing points are limited and vertical movement required.

Safety conditions

• The tools, accessories used must remain tied with a rope to facilitate use and prevent its free fall.

• To raise or lower tools, materials or any objects should be done carefully and safely through a receptacle and / or string.

• In any work performed at height where flame cutting and / or arc welding is used, it must use seat belts with metal straps, which will prevent the fall of the rope burn.

• The straps should be reviewed by the supervisor and / or foreman, at the time of use

• The straps having bites, cut wires, kinks, loops, etc., they shall be removed from the work area and make them low.

• At the time of installation, the piece will be placed “winds”. In order to help the operator to guide the workpiece mounting point.

• In any maneuver of lifting, slings must be protected against slipping and at points of contact with the workpiece, thus reducing wear or destruction of the straps. To protect the strops or slings should use coving.

• Workers who do move “should not move the load with your hands or placed under it.”

• Under mounting area on the surface area should be isolated with safety belts and signs indicating “Danger Work at Height“, “Danger falling materials.”

• Using the basket for transport of personnel, the worker must tie up your seat belt mounting brackets to the basket for any reason may Estrobar the auxiliary strobe that is connected directly to the crane hook. The procedure “Using basket” should be respected

• The basket should be addressed with a directional line, in order to prevent its rotation, some staff can not remain under the basket when this is hoisted.

• Always connect the free tail hook up to a lifeline or other sturdy structure, which is independent of the working platform.

• Always ensure the telescopic scales tying with a rope, the last step of these to a rigid structure or fixed, thus preventing the scale can slide or have unexpected movements that cause the fall of the worker.

• It is mandatory to wear a harness for working on a ladder about 1.8 meters and fixed on top in an anchoring system.

• To work at height where ladders are used, safety technology must be applied in the three support points, with appropriate assistance from another person at the base of the stairs, you can never expose a person to work at height .

For more information visit www.osha.gov

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